الأحد، 13 سبتمبر، 2009

Learn Italian - The 21 letters of the Italian Alphabet

Learn Italian - The 21 letters of the Italian Alphabet

(plus the 5 letters used in foreign words)


Letter

Name


Example


A

A

Amore (love)

B

Bi

Bambino (boy)

C

Ci

Casa (house)

D

Di

Deserto (desert)

E

E

Essere (to be)

F

Effe

Forza (force / power)

G

Gi

Gruppo (group)

H

Acca

Hotel (hotel - 'h' is silent)

I

I

Italia (Italy)

J*

I lungo

Joystick (joystick)

Jupiter (the Roman god)

K*

Kappa

Kiwi (kiwi)

L

Elle

Limone (Lemon)

M

Emme

Macchina (car)

N

Enne

Notte (night)

O

O

Opera (opera)

P

Pi

Piazza (square)

Q

Qu

Questo (this)

R

Erre

Rosso (red)

S

Esse

Settimana (week) sounds like 's'

Rosa (rose) sounds like 'z'

T

Ti

Tutto (all)

U

U

Uscita (exit / escape)

V

Vu

Via (street)

W*

Doppio vu

Walter (personal name)

X*

Ics

Xilografia (xylography)

Y*

Ipsilon

Yogurt (yoghurt)

Z

Zeta

Zucchero (sugar) sounds like 'ts'

Zero (zero) sounds like 'dz'

Combined letters:

Some letters can have a different pronunciation in Italian depending upon which vocal or consonant follow them.

Combination

Sounds like


Example


ca / co / cu

'k'

Cucina (kitchen)

ce / ci

'tsch'

Cinema (cinema)

che / chi

'k'

Chiave (key)




ga / go / gu

a hard 'g'

Gomma (rubber / tyre)

ge / gi

'dj'

Gelato (ice cream / icy)

ghe / ghi

a hard 'g'

Ghetto (ghetto)

GLI

similar to American

Spanish 'll' or Portuguese 'lh'

Aglio (garlic)

GLA / GLE /

GLO / GLU

'gl'

Gloria (glory)

gn

Spanish 'ñ'

Gnocchi (potato dumplings)




sca / sco / scu

'sk'

Scuola (school)

sce / scI

'sh'

Scienza (science)

SCHE / SCHI

'sk'

Schiuma (foam)

( * ) The Italian alphabet does not normally include the letters J, K, W X and Y, but since there are some words derived from other languages that are normally used in Italy (as well as personal names), we included these letters in here.

Tips

  • · We recommend you to learn the Italian alphabet as your first step to learn Italian. It's much easier to understand people speaking Italian if you have a good handle of the sounds in our Italian alphabet

  • · Also, you need to know well the alphabet because you may frequently need to spell your name or an address while talking on the phone or during a trip to Italy; so, to learn how to spell your name in Italian is your first lesson!


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